VA-23

VA-23 - Black Knights

Point of Contact - Squadron Duty Officer (SDO)

Refer to the CONTACT LIST under "THE ASSOCIATION" drop down menu.


VF 653 Warrior Dragon - 1951
Drawn by Bud Southworth

VF-151

VA-23 Black Knight - 1970


Patch

  • VF-653's "Warrior Dragon" patch was authorized February 7, 1951. The central figure is the "Warrior Dragon" symbolizing the terrifying qualities representative of a fighter squadron, and the shield portraying its strength.
  • A "Knight's Crest" patch was adopted by VF-151 Black Knights sometime in 1953 - 1954. This patch displays a knight's helmet mounted above a shield over a scroll bearing the Latin phrase "In Omnia Paratus" (always prepared). Under the patch was a scroll inscribed with FIGHTING ONE FIFTY ONE.
  • In 1956 the basic VF-151 "Knight's Crest" patch was modified by VA-151 Black Knights. This patch kept the basic VF-151 elements but the scroll under the patch was changed to read ATTACK SQUADRON 151.
  • In 1959 the basic VF-151 "Knight's Crest" patch was again modified by VA-23 Black Knights. This patch kept the basic VF-151 elements but the scroll under the patch was changed to read ATTACK SQUADRON 23. Over the years the shape of the helmet changed as did the plume colors and shape. A stylized final version of the VA-23 Black Knights patch is displayed above.


Handle

  • 1949 to 1953 Dragons
  • 1953 to 1970 Black Knights


Heritage

  • December 1949, Reserve Fighter Squadron SIX HUNDRED FIFTY-THREE (VF-653) Dragons established.
  • February 1, 1951, VF-653 Dragons were called to active duty.
  • February 4, 1953, VF-653 was redesignated as VF-151, Black Knights - Fighter Squadron ONE HUNDRED FIFTY-ONE.
  • February 7, 1956, VF-151 was redesignated as VA-151, Black Knights - Attack Squadron ONE HUNDRED FIFTY-ONE.
  • February 23, 1959, VA-151 was redesignated as VA-23, Black Knights - Attack Squadron TWENTY THREE.
  • April 1, 1970, (April Fool's Day) VA-23, Black Knights - disestablished.


Home Ports

  • Date - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Location:
  • December 1949- - - - - - - - Naval Air Station Akron
  • April 16, 1951 - - - - - - - Naval Air Station Alameda
  • September 30, 1961 - - - - - Naval Air Station Lemoore


Air Wings

  • Date - - - - - - - - - - - - Tail code - - - - - - - Air Wing
  • April 5, 1951- - - - - - - - H - - - - - - CVG-15
  • August 3, 1951 - - - - - - - H - - - - - - ATG-1
  • July 3, 1952 - - - - - - - - H - - - - - - CVG-15
  • November 1, 1952 - - - - - - U/NA* - - - - ATG-1
  • February 24, 1959- - - - - - NE- - - - - - CVG-2/CVW-2 **
  • July 1, 1967 - - - - - - - - NM- - - - - - CVW-19
  • * The squadron deployed with ATG-1 but used its parent air group tail code (H) until the tail code "IJ" was assigned to ATG-1 on July 24, 1956. ATG-1's tail code was changed from U to NA July 1, 1957.
  • ** December 20, 1963 - Carrier Air Groups were redesignated Carrier Air Wings (CVG-2 became CVW-2).


Deployments

 

 

 

  • 10-12-51 to 07-03-52 - ATG-1- - CV 45- - F4U 4/4B - Western Pacific/Korea
  • 03-30-53 to 11-28-53 - ATG-1- - CVA 21 - F9F-2- - - Western Pacific/Korea
  • 09-01-54 to 04-11-55 - ATG-1- - CVA 18 - F9F-2- - - Western Pacific
  • 05-25-56 to 12-20-56 - ATG-1- - CVA 16 - F7U-3- - - Western Pacific
  • 10-04-58 to 02-16-59 - ATG-1- - CVA 14 - FJ-4B- - - Western Pacific
  • 08-15-59 to 03-25-60 - CVG-2- - CVA 41 - FJ-4B- - - Western Pacific
  • 02-16-61 to 09-28-61 - CVG-2- - CVA 41 - A4D-2- - - Western Pacific
  • 04-06-62 to 10-20-62 - CVG-2- - CVA 41 - A4D-2- - - Western Pacific
  • 11-08-63 to 05-26-64 - CVW-2- - CVA 41 - A-4E - - - Western Pacific
  • 03-06-65 to 11-23-65 - CVW-2- - CVA 41 - A-4E - - - Western Pacific/Vietnam
  • 07-29-66 to 02-23-67 - CVW-2- - CVA 43 - A-4E - - - Western Pacific/Vietnam
  • 12-28-67 to 08-17-68 - CVW-19 - CVA 14 - A-4F - - - Western Pacific/Vietnam
  • 04-14-69 to 11-17-69 - CVW-19 - CVA 34 - A-4F - - - Western Pacific/Vietnam

 


Aircraft

 

 

  • Date Type First Received - - - - - - Type of Aircraft:
  • Before February 1951- - - Goodyear FG-1D Corsair I
  • February 1951 - - - - - - North American SNJ Trainer
  • By May 1951 - - - - - - - Vought F4U-4 Corsair I
  • By August 1951- - - - - - Vought F4U-4B Corsair I
  • August 28, 1952 - - - - - Grumman F9F-2 Panther *
  • October 2, 1952 - - - - - Grumman F9F-5 Panther *
  • May 1955- - - - - - - - - Vought F7U-3M (Gutless) Cutlass
  • June 1955 - - - - - - - - Vought F7U-3 Cutlass
  • December 1956 - - - - - - Grumman F9F-8B Cougar *
  • January 1957- - - - - - - Grumman F9F-8 Cougar *
  • July 1957 - - - - - - - - North American FJ-4B Fury
  • May 18, 1960- - - - - - - Douglas A4D-2 Skyhawk
  • December 26, 1962 - - - - Douglas A-4E Skyhawk
  • July 13, 1967 - - - - - - Douglas A-4F Skyhawk

  • by James C. Ritchie
  • * The F9F through the F9F-5 Panther have straight wings with tip tanks; the F9F-6 through the F9F-8 Cougar have swept wings.
    • Douglas A4D-2 (A-4B) Skyhawk
      • 142092 c/n 11346
        • 19 May 1960 - VA-23 - NAS Alameda, CA
        • 30 Sep 1960 - Stricken - 1AA1
      • 142094 c/n 11348
        • 27 May 1960 - VA-23 - NAS Alameda, CA
        • 11 Jan 1961 - VA-125 - NAS Moffett Field, CA
      • 142753 c/n 11815
        • 12 Aug 1960 - VA-23 - NAS Alameda, CA
        • 12 Jan 1961 - VA-125 - NAS Moffett Field, CA
      • 142779 c/n 11841
        • 30 Nov 1962 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 26 Feb 1963 - NAS - NAS Alameda, CA
      • 142826 c/n 11888
        • 25 Oct 1961 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 16 Feb 1962 - NAS - NAS Alameda, CA
      • 142852 c/n 11914
        • 24 May 1960 - VA-23 - NAS Alameda, CA
        • 30 Nov 1961 - Stricken - 1AA2
      • 142893 c/n 11955
        • 05 May 1962 - VA-23 - USS Midway
        • 28 Feb 1963 - VA-155 - NAS Lemoore, CA
      • 142894 c/n 11956
        • 23 Jun 1960 - VA-23 - NAS Alameda, CA
        • 30 Sep 1962 - Stricken - 1AA2
      • 142902 c/n 11964
        • 02 Jul 1960 - VA-23 - NAS Alameda, CA
        • 10 Jan 1963 - NAS - NAS Alameda, CA
      • 142904 c/n 11966
        • 11 Jul 1960 - VA-23 - NAS Alameda, CA
        • 11 Aug 1962 - Stricken - 1AA2
      • 142910 c/n 11972
        • 24 May 1960 - VA-23 - NAS Alameda, CA
        • 01 Nov 1963 - NAS - NAS Alameda, CA
      • 142922 c/n 11984
        • 25 May 1960 - VA-23 - NAS Alameda, CA
        • 03 Apr 1962 - NAS - NAS Lemoore, CA
      • 144869 C/N 12115
        • 09 Sep 1960 - VA-23 - NAS Alameda, CA
        • 20 Feb 1963 - VA-163 - NAS Lemoore, CA
      • 144875 C/N 12121
        • 25 Oct 1961 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 15 Feb 1962 - NAS - NAS Alameda, CA

        • 30 Mar 1962 - VA-23 - USS Midway
        • 25 Jan 1963 - VA-164 - NAS Lemoore, CA
      • 144877 C/N 12123
        • 19 Oct 1960 - VA-23 - NAS Alameda, CA
        • 06 Oct 1962 - FAWPRA - NAS Atsugi, Japan
      • 144897 C/N 12143
        • 25 May 1960 - VA-23 - NAS Alameda, CA
        • 01 Feb 1961 - NAF - NAF Oppama, Japan
      • 144902 C/N 12148
        • 25 May 1960 - VA-23 - NAS Alameda, CA
        • 18 Feb 1963 - NAS - NAS Alameda, CA
      • 144908 C/N 12154
        • 27 May 1960 - VA-23 - NAS Alameda, CA
        • 06 Oct 1961 - VA-22 - NAS Lemoore, CA

        • 30 May 1962 - VA-23 - USS Midway
        • 30 Nov 1962 - VA-22 - NAS Lemoore, CA
      • 144911 C/N 12157
        • 25 May 1960 - VA-23 - NAS Alameda, CA
        • 13 Sep 1960 - VA-153 - USS Coral Sea
      • 144917 C/N 12163
        • 21 Aug 1962 - VA-23 - USS Midway
        • 25 Jan 1963 - VA-164 - NAS Lemoore, CA
      • 144936 C/N 12182
        • 01 Jul 1960 - VA-23 - NAS Alameda, CA
        • 18 Feb 1963 - NAS - NAS Alameda, CA
      • 144993 C/N 12239
        • 09 Nov 1961 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 21 Feb 1962 - VA-125 - NAS Lemoore, CA
      • 145024 C/N 12270
        • 25 Oct 1961 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 19 Mar 1963 - VA-163 - NAS Lemoore, CA
      • 145055 C/N 12301
        • 18 Nov 1960 - VA-23 - NAS Alameda, CA
        • 30 Sep 1962 - Stricken - 1AA2
      • 147710 C/N 12474
        • 26 Dec 1969 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 13 Mar 1970 - Stricken - 1S
      • 147734 C/N 12498
        • 06 Dec 1969 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 11 Apr 1970 - VC-5 Det Cubi Point - NAS Cubi Point, RP
      • 147749 C/N 12513
        • 01 Dec 1969 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 11 Mar 1970 - MARTD - NAS Los Alamitos, CA

    • Douglas A4D-2N (A-4C) Skyhawk
      • 148446 C/N 12639
        • 12 Dec 1969 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 03 Mar 1970 - NAS - NAS Glenview, IL
      • 148449 C/N 12642
        • 30 Dec 1969 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 14 Mar 1970 - MARTD - NAS Los Alamitos, CA
      • 148513 C/N 12706
        • 02 Dec 1969 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 02 Apr 1970 - VC-5 Det Cubi - NAS Cubi Point, RP
      • 148534 C/N 12727
        • 03 Dec 1969 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 11 Mar 1970 - MARTD - NAS Los Alamitos, CA
      • 149653 c/n 12978
        • 11 Jan 1963 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 05 Oct 1964 - VA-125 - NAS Lemoore, CA
      • 149661 c/n 12986
        • 28 Dec 1962 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 05 Oct 1965 - VA-125 - NAS Lemoore, CA
      • 149662 c/n 12987
        • 28 Dec 1962 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 02 Oct 1963 - Stricken - 1AA2
      • 149664 c/n 12989
        • 26 Dec 1962 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 04 Dec 1965 - VA-125 - NAS Lemoore, CA
      • 149665 c/n 12990
        • 11 Jan 1963 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 13 Jan 1964 - NAS - NAS Cubi Point, RP

        • 08 Jun 1966 - VA-23 - USS Coral Sea
        • 15 Aug 1967 - VA-56 - USS Enterprise
      • 149666 c/n 12991
        • 16 Jan 1963 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 18 Nov 1964 - VA-125 - NAS Lemoore, CA

    • Douglas A4D-5 (A-4E) Skyhawk
      • 149959 c/n 13012
        • 26 Jan 1963 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 06 Nov 1964 - NAS - NAS Alameda, CA
      • 149962 c/n 13015
        • 01 Feb 1963 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 12 Feb 1964 - NAS - NAS Lemoore, CA

        • 07 May 1965 - VA-23 - USS Midway
        • 28 Jul 1965 - Stricken - 1S
      • 149963 c/n 13016
        • 26 Jan 1963 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 27 Nov 1964 - NAS - NAS Lemoore, CA

        • 31 Jun 1965 - VA-23 - USS Midway
        • 06 Mar 1967 - VA-153 - NAS Alameda, CA
      • 149964 c/n 13017
        • 26 Jan 1963 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 18 Mar 1965 - NAS - NAS Lemoore, CA
      • 149968 c/n 13021
        • 22 Apr 1963 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 03 Sep 1963 - VA-56 - NAS Lemoore, CA
      • 149970 c/n 13023
        • 07 Jun 1963 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 03 Sep 1963 - VA-56 - NAS Lemoore, CA
      • 149971 c/n 13024
        • 01 Feb 1963 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 12 Feb 1965 - NAS - NAS Lemoore, CA
      • 149976 c/n 13029
        • 26 Jan 1963 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 13 Jan 1964 - NAS - NAS Cubi Point, RP
      • 149978 c/n 13031
        • 19 Oct 1966 - VA-23 - USS Coral Sea
        • 06 Sep 1967 - VA-56 - USS Enterprise
      • 149983 c/n 13036
        • 27 Jul 1965 - VA-23 - USS Midway
        • 27 Nov 1965 - NAS - NAS Atsugi, Japan
      • 149988 c/n 13041
        • 10 Oct 1966 - VA-23 - USS Coral Sea
        • 14 Oct 1966 - NAS COSA - NAS Cubi Point, RP
      • 150009 c/n 13062
        • 26 Apr 1967 - VA-23 - USS Coral Sea
        • 03 Aug 1967 - VA-56 - USS Enterprise
      • 150017 c/n 13070
        • 10 May 1965 - VA-23 - USS Midway
        • 14 Dec 1965 - VA-164 - USS Oriskany
      • 150038 c/n 13091
        • 21 Jun 1965 - VA-23 - USS Midway
        • 12 Sep 1965 - NAS - NAS Cubi Point, RP
      • 150039 c/n 13092
        • 31 May 1965 - VA-23 - USS Midway
        • 06 Nov 1965 - NAS - NAS Cubi Point, RP

        • 25 Jun 1966 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 14 Jul 1967 - VA-192 - USS Ticonderoga
      • 150058 c/n 13111
        • 14 Oct 1963 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 01 Oct 1964 - VMA-223 - MCAS El Toro, CA
      • 150087 c/n 13140
        • 09 May 1967 - VA-23 - USS Coral Sea
        • 14 Aug 1967 - VA-144 - USS Kitty Hawk
      • 150091 c/n 13144
        • 04 Apr 1967 - VA-23 - USS Coral Sea
        • 14 Aug 1967 - VA-144 - USS Kitty Hawk
      • 150121 c/n 13174
        • 15 Jun 1967 - VA-23 - USS Coral Sea
        • 15 Sep 1967 - VA-144 - USS Kitty Hawk
      • 150131 c/n 13184
        • 20 Dec 1965 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 24 Feb 1966 - VA-163 - NAS Lemoore, CA
      • 150134 c/n 13187
        • 19 Dec 1965 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 22 Feb 1966 - VA-163 - USS Oriskany
      • 151055 c/n 13225
        • 07 Apr 1966 - VA-23 - NAS Fallon, NV
        • 06 Oct 1967 - BUWEPS - NAS Memphis, TN

        • 01 Nov 1967 - VA-23 - USS Ticonderoga
        • 02 Nov 1967 - VA-144 - USS Kitty Hawk

        • ?? ??? 1965 - VA-23 - USS Midway
        • 13 Aug 1965 - VA-23 - Aircraft
          Sustained Major Damage
        • Assume stricken
          no further records found
      • 151105 c/n 13275
        • 26 Jun 1964 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 06 Nov 1964 - NAS - NAS Alameda, CA
    • Douglas A4D-5 (A-4E) Skyhawk (Continued)
      • 151108 c/n 13278
        • 29 Jun 1964 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 06 Nov 1964 - NAS - NAS Alameda, CA

        • 13 Oct 1966 - VA-23 - USS Coral Sea
        • 09 Dec 1966 - NAS COSA - NAS Cubi Point, RP

        • ?? Jan 1967 - VA-23 - USS Coral Sea
        • 01 Feb 1967 - NAS COSA - NAS Atsugi, Japan
      • 151137 c/n 13307
        • 19 Jan 1967 - VA-23 - USS Coral Sea
        • 03 Aug 1967 - VA-56 - USS Enterprise
      • 151143 c/n 13313
        • 01 Oct 1964 - VA-23 - USS Midway
        • 14 Oct 1965 - NAS - NAS Cubi Point, RP
      • 151144 c/n 13314
        • 11 Sep 1964 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 02 Jun 1965 - Stricken - 1TT2
      • 151145 c/n 13315
        • 11 Sep 1964 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 10 Dec 1965 - VA-55 - USS Ranger
      • 151146 c/n 13316
        • 01 Oct 1964 - VA-23 - USS Midway
        • 25 Feb 1965 - Stricken - 1AD2
      • 151148 c/n 13318
        • 11 Sep 1964 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 07 Jul 1965 - FAWPRA - NAS Atsugi, Japan
      • 151150 c/n 13320
        • 01 Oct 1964 - VA-23 - USS Midway
        • 10 Oct 1966 - Stricken - 1S
      • 151151 c/n 13321
        • 08 Jun 1966 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 14 Jul 1967 - VA-192 - USS Ticonderoga
      • 151152 c/n 13322
        • 08 Oct 1964 - VA-23 - USS Midway
        • 19 Oct 1964 - VA-125 - NAS Lemoore, CA
      • 151153 c/n 13323
        • 01 Oct 1964 - VA-23 - USS Midway
        • 28 Feb 1965 - Stricken - 1AA2
      • 151154 c/n 13324
        • 28 Feb 1965 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 16 Nov 1965 - NAS - NAS Atsugi, Japan
      • 151156 c/n 13326
        • 19 Jan 1966 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 26 Oct 1967 - VA-56 - USS Enterprise
      • 151158 c/n 13328
        • 10 Feb 1966 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 13 Jan 1967 - Stricken - 1S
      • 151161 c/n 13331
        • 03 Nov 1964 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 02 Jun 1965 - Stricken - 1TT2
      • 151162 c/n 13332
        • 03 Nov 1964 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 17 Apr 1965 - NAS - NAS Cubi Point, RP

        • 01 Nov 1965 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 23 Oct 1967 - VA-94 - USS Bon Homme Richard
      • 151167 c/n 13337
        • 17 May 1965 - NAS - NAS Cubi Point, RP
        • 17 May 1965 - NAS - NAS Cubi Point, RP

        • 15 Oct 1965 - VA-23 - USS Midway
        • 25 Oct 1966 - NAS COSA - NAS Cubi Point, RP
      • 151168 c/n 13338
        • 04 Nov 1964 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 01 Jul 1965 - FAWPRA - NAS Atsugi, Japan

        • 13 Sep 1965 - VA-23 - USS Midway
        • 15 Nov 1965 - VA-163 - USS Oriskany

        • 25 Jun 1966 - VA-23 - USS Coral Sea
        • 15 Jan 1967 - Stricken - 1S
      • 151169 c/n 13339
        • 27 Oct 1964 - VA-23 - USS Midway
        • 14 Oct 1965 - NAS - NAS Cubi Point, RP
      • 151172 c/n 13342
        • 03 Nov 1964 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 16 Oct 1965 - NAS - NAS Cubi Point, RP

        • 01 May 1966 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 08 Jul 1966 - VA-192 - NAS Lemoore, CA
      • 151174 c/n 13344
        • 04 Nov 1964 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 28 May 1965 - VA-23 - USS Midway
        • - Assume Stricken
          - No further records found
      • 151180 c/n 13350
        • 17 Mar 1966 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 08 Feb 1967 - NAS COSA - NAS Atsugi, Japan
      • 151181 c/n 13351
        • 29 Mar 1966 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 11 Jul 1966 - VA-192 - NAS Lemoore, CA
      • 151184 c/n 13354
        • 11 Mar 1966 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 21 Aug 1967 - VA-56 - USS Enterprise
      • 151185 c/n 13355
        • 02 Mar 1965 - VA-23 - USS Midway
        • 12 Aug 1965 - Stricken - 1S
      • 151187 c/n 13357
        • 11 Mar 1966 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 16 Oct 1967 - VA-56 - USS Enterprise
      • 151191 c/n 13361
        • 29 Nov 1965 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 21 Mar 1966 - VA-164 - USS Oriskany
      • 152014 c/n 13402
        • 07 Apr 1966 - VA-23 - USS Coral Sea
        • 03 Aug 1967 - VA-144 - USS Kitty Hawk
      • 152017 c/n 13405
        • 12 Oct 1965 - VA-23 - USS Midway
        • 06 Nov 1965 - NAS - NAS Cubi Point, RP
      • 152019 c/n 13407
        • 12 Oct 1965 - VA-23 - USS Midway
        • 01 Feb 1966 - VMA-211 - Chu Lai, South Vietnam
      • 152044 c/n 13432
        • 16 Jul 1965 - VA-23 - NAS Fallon, NV
        • 17 Aug 1965 - VA-212 - NAS Lemoore, CA
      • 152045 c/n 13433
        • 21 Jul 1965 - VA-23 - NAS Fallon, NV
        • 14 Sep 1965 - VA-212 - NAS Lemoore, CA
      • 152046 c/n 13434
        • 31 Aug 1965 - VA-23 - USS Midway
        • 01 Feb 1966 - VMA-211 - Chu Lai, South Vietnam
      • 152074 c/n 13462
        • 16 Dec 1966 - VA-23 - USS Coral Sea
        • 01 Aug 1967 - VA-144 - USS Kitty Hawk
      • 152083 c/n 13471
        • 07 Dec 1965 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 18 Jan 1966 - VA-164 - NAS Lemoore, CA
      • 152086 c/n 13474
        • 23 Dec 1965 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 18 Jan 1966 - VA-164 - NAS Lemoore, CA
      • 152087 c/n 13475
        • 23 Dec 1965 - VA-23 - NAS Lemoore, CA
        • 18 Jan 1966 - VA-164 - NAS Lemoore, CA
      • 152088 c/n 13476
        • 05 Apr 1967 - VA-23 - USS Ticonderoga
        • 17 Aug 1967 - VA-144 - USS Kitty Hawk

    • Douglas TA-4F Skyhawk
      • 152855 C/N 13501
        • 25 Sep 1968 - VA-23 - USS Oriskany
        • 03 Apr 1969 - VA-125 - NAS Lemoore, CA

    • Douglas A-4F Skyhawk
      • 154180 c/n 13637
        • 16 Dec 1967 - VA-23 - USS Ticonderoga
        • 11 Jun 1969 - VMA-211 - MCAS Iwakuni, Japan
      • 154181 c/n 13638
        • 30 Dec 1968 - VA-23 - USS Oriskany
        • 03 Nov 1969 - VA-55 - NAS Lemoore, CA
      • 154184 c/n 13641
        • 20 Feb 1968 - VA-23 - USS Ticonderoga
        • 29 Jul 1969 - Stricken - 1S
      • 154188 c/n 13645
        • 14 Jul 1967 - VA-23 - USS Ticonderoga
        • 07 Jan 1970 - VA-22 - USS Bon Homme Richard
      • 154189 c/n 13646
        • 15 Jul 1967 - VA-23 - USS Ticonderoga
        • 23 Jul 1968 - Stricken - 1SA
      • 154190 c/n 13647
        • 26 Jul 1967 - VA-23 - USS Ticonderoga
        • 08 Jan 1970 - VA-22 - USS Bon Homme Richard
      • 154191 c/n 13648
        • 26 Jul 1967 - VA-23 - USS Ticonderoga
        • 26 Jan 1968 - NAS A&T - NAS North Island, CA
      • 154193 c/n 13650
        • 08 Aug 1967 - VA-23 - USS Ticonderoga
        • 25 Feb 1970 - VA-22 - USS Bon Homme Richard
      • 154195 c/n 13652
        • 20 Feb 1968 - VA-23 - USS Ticonderoga
        • 04 May 1970 - VA-22 - USS Bon Homme Richard
      • 154196 c/n 13653
        • 14 Aug 1967 - VA-23 - USS Ticonderoga
        • 29 Apr 1970 - VA-127 - NAS Lemoore, CA
      • 154198 c/n 13655
        • 22 Aug 1967 - VA-23 - USS Ticonderoga
        • 16 Feb 1968 - VA-93 - USS Bon Homme Richard
      • 154201 c/n 13658
        • 08 Aug 1967 - VA-23 - USS Ticonderoga
        • 15 Jan 1968 - NARF - NAS Alameda, CA
      • 154202 c/n 13659
        • 14 Aug 1967 - VA-23 - USS Ticonderoga
        • 20 Mar 1970 - VA-127 - NAS Lemoore, CA
      • 154203 c/n 13660
        • 16 Aug 1967 - VA-23 - USS Ticonderoga
        • 14 Feb 1968 - VA-93 - USS Bon Homme Richard
      • 154204 c/n 13661
        • 22 Aug 1967 - VA-23 - USS Ticonderoga
        • 19 Feb 1968 - VA-93 - USS Bon Homme Richard
      • 154207 c/n 13664
        • 23 Sep 1967 - VA-23 - USS Ticonderoga
        • 16 May 1968 - NAS A&T - NAS North Island, CA
      • 154209 c/n 13666
        • 15 Sep 1967 - VA-23 - USS Ticonderoga
        • 03 Apr 1969 - VA-125 - NAS Lemoore, CA
      • 154210 c/n 13667
        • 18 Sep 1967 - VA-23 - USS Ticonderoga
        • 20 Mar 1970 - VA-127 - NAS Lemoore, CA
      • 154211 c/n 13668
        • 19 Nov 1968 - VA-23 - USS Oriskany
        • 02 Apr 1969 - VA-55 - USS Hancock
      • 154212 c/n 13669
        • 19 Feb 1968 - VA-23 - USS Ticonderoga
        • 20 Mar 1970 - VA-127 - NAS Lemoore, CA
      • 154320 c/n 13708
        • 27 Sep 1968 - VA-23 - USS Oriskany
        • 03 Apr 1969 - VA-125 - NAS Lemoore, CA
      • 154977 c/n 13793
        • 14 Dec 1967 - VA-23 - USS Ticonderoga
        • 20 Mar 1970 - VA-127 - NAS Lemoore, CA
      • 154981 c/n 13797
        • 14 Dec 1967 - VA-23 - USS Ticonderoga
        • 24 Oct 1967 - VA-93 - USS Bon Homme Richard
      • 154993 c/n 13809
        • 23 Nov 1967 - VA-23 - USS Ticonderoga
        • 20 Jul 1969 - Stricken - 1SA
      • 155006 c/n 13822
        • 15 Nov 1968 - VA-23 - USS Oriskany
        • 20 Mar 1970 - VA-127 - NAS Lemoore, CA
      • 155007 c/n 13823
        • 11 Feb 1968 - VA-23 - USS Ticonderoga
        • 20 Mar 1970 - VA-127 - NAS Lemoore, CA



    •  
    •  


Commanding Officers

  • Date Assumed Command - - - - - - - Commanding Officer
  • December 1949 - - - - - - - LCDR Cook Cleland *
  • August 28, 1952 - - - - - - LCDR J. M. Rickabaugh
  • November 1953 - - - - - - - LCDR Benjamin Tappan, Jr.
  • June 1955 - - - - - - - - - CDR E. S. Parks
  • Late 1955 or Early 1956 -----LCDR Robert H. Moore, Jr.
  • January 1957- - - - - - - - LCDR Bernard Sevilla
  • May 30, 1958- - - - - - - - CDR E. W. Blackburn
  • March 6, 1959 - - - - - - - CDR L. M. Cauble
  • April 8, 1960 - - - - - - - CDR S. G. Gorsline, Jr.
  • September 28, 1961- - - - - LCDR Edward E. Riley (acting)
  • November 6, 1961- - - - - - CDR G. M. Veling
  • September 18, 1962- - - - - CDR Edward E. Riley
  • August 20, 1963 - - - - - - CDR Robert P. Smith
  • July 2, 1964- - - - - - - - CDR John R. Dewenter
  • July 2, 1965- - - - - - - - CDR Robert R. King, Jr.
  • July 1, 1966- - - - - - - - CDR Richard A. Mackell
  • June 23, 1967 - - - - - - - CDR Charles L. Bush
  • July 24, 1968 - - - - - - - CDR Morris A. Peelle
  • July 9, 1969- - - - - - - - CDR Theodore L. Lloyd, Jr.
  • * Cdr. L. Cook Cleland was also a two time winner of
    the Cleveland National Air Races (Thompson Trophy) of 1947 & 1949.


Events

  • 1947:
    Commander L. Cook Cleland won his first Thompson Trophy at the Cleveland National Air Races. Commander Cleland won the Thompson Trophy again in 1949. His two Thompson Trophies rank him second only to Roscoe Turner the ace of the Cleveland National Air Races.
  • December 1949:
    Reserve Fighter Squadron SIX HUNDRED FIFTY-THREE (VF-653) established with Lieutenant Commander Cook Cleland commanding at Naval Air Station Akron, Ohio. VF-653 was assigned the FG-1D Goodyear Corsair I.
  • February 1, 1951:
    Reserve Squadron VF-653, the Dragons were called to active duty.
  • April 16, 1951:
    Fighter Squadron SIX HUNDRED FIFTY-THREE --- VF-653 was reassigned to Naval Air Station Alameda, California. By May, VF-653 had been assigned the Vought F4U-4 Corsair I.
  • October 12, 1951 through August 5, 1952:
    Fighter Squadron SIX HUNDRED FIFTY-THREE --- VF-653 flying the F4U-4 and F4U-4B Corsair with ATG-1 deployed to the Western Pacific and Korea on United States Ship Valley Forge CV 45. This was the Dragon's first combat cruise to Korea.
  • December 11, 1951:
    VF-653 conducted its first combat strikes in the Korean War.
  • August 28, 1952:
    VF-653 was assigned the Grumman F9F-2 Panther.
  • February 4, 1953:
    VF-653 was redesignated as VF-151 - Fighter Squadron ONE HUNDRED FIFTY-ONE, the Black Knights.
  • March 30, 1953 through November 28, 1953:
    Fighter Squadron ONE HUNDRED FIFTY-ONE --- VF-151 flying the Grumman F9F-2 Panther with ATG-1 deployed to the Western Pacific and Korea on United States Ship Boxer CVA 21. This was the Black Knights' Second combat cruise to Korea.
  • May 1, 1953:
    At Yokusuka (near Tokyo) - May Day was only base liberty because of Communist riots in the area.
  • May 13 through July 27, 1953:
    VF-151 with fourteen Grumman F9F-2 Panthers and 22 pilots engaged their first Korean War line period on Boxer. During this period the Black Knights participated in 120 strikes in which the squadron had 33 Panthers hit by flak, 19 of those Panthers were damaged beyond repair. During combat the squadron expended 122,535 20mm cannon rounds, 1,152 five inch rockets, and dropped 3,112 bombs weighing 624,080 pounds. During the period each pilot averaged 46 missions.
    VF-151 pilots:
    • Commanding Officer Lcdr. John Rickabaugh, Executive Officer Lcdr. Carl Roberts, Operations Officer Lcdr. Herky Harper, Lieutenant Bob Brown, LSO Lieutenant Les Burton, Lieutenant Chuck Chute, Lieutenant Bill Fornoff, Lieutenant Max Malen, Lieutenant Mike Martin, Lieutenant Cal Russell, Lieutenant Junior grade Digger Doyle, Lieutenant Junior grade Jack Ingram, Lieutenant Junior grade Pat Kittler, Lieutenant Junior grade Jim McCarty, Lieutenant Junior grade Sam McKee, Lieutenant Junior grade Rusty Merrill, Lieutenant Junior grade Burt Shepperd, Lieutenant Junior grade "Super Secret" Smith, Ordinance Officer Ensign Al Bedford, Ensign Ken Cameron, Ensign Tom Ledford, Ensign Lou O'Neil, Ensign Roger Pattridge, Ensign Roger Sheets.
  • July 25, 1953:
    VF-151 Black Knight Lieutenant Junior Grade Jack William Ingram, Jr., United States Navy, born January 10, 1928, 496331, flying a Grumman F9F-2 Panther was hit by antiaircraft fire (Triple A) north of Hungnam, North Korea. Lieutenant Ingram nursed his Panther to the Korean Sea before trying to ditch --- Lieutenant Ingram did not survive the resulting crash and was Killed In Action.
  • July 26, 1953:
    VF-151 Black Knight Ensign Thomas Franklin Ledford, United States Navy, in a Grumman F9F-2 Panther received a United States Ship Boxer CVA 21 "Cold Cat." The Boxer's catapult failed to accelerate Ledford's Panther to flying speed and the Panther fell from the Boxer's bow, into the sea, upside down. Boxer then passed over the sinking plane killing Ledford. Ensign Tom Ledford was probably the last United States Naval Aviator killed in the Korean War.
  • September 1, 1954 through April 11, 1955:
    Fighter Squadron ONE HUNDRED FIFTY-ONE --- VF-151, Black Knights flying the Grumman F9F-2 Panther with ATG-1 deployed to the Western Pacific on United States Ship Wasp CVA 18. This was the Black Knights' third cruise to the Western Pacific.
  • February 1955:
    VF-151 provided air support during the evacuation of Chinese Nationalists from the Tachen Islands following the their bombardment by Communist China.
  • May 1955:
    VF-151 was assigned the "Last Chance" Vought F7U-3M (Gutless) Cutlass.
  • February 7, 1956:
    VF-151 was redesignated as VA-151 - Attack Squadron ONE HUNDRED FIFTY-ONE, the Black Knights.
  • May 25, 1956 through December 20, 1956:
    Attack Squadron ONE HUNDRED FIFTY-ONE --- VA-151 flying the "Last Chance" Vought F7U-3M (Gutless) Cutlass with ATG-1 deployed to the Western Pacific on United States Ship Lexington CVA 16.
  • December 1956:
    Attack Squadron ONE HUNDRED FIFTY-ONE Black Knights were assigned the F9F-8B Grumman Cougar.
  • July 1957:
    VA-151 was assigned the North American FJ-4B Fury.
  • October 4, 1958 through February 2, 1959:
    Attack Squadron ONE HUNDRED FIFTY-ONE --- VA-151, Black Knights flying the North American FJ-4B Fury with ATG-1 deployed to the Western Pacific on United States Ship Ticonderoga CVA 14.
  • February 23, 1959:
    VA-151 was redesignated as VA-23, Black Knights - Attack Squadron TWENTY-THREE.
  • August 15, 1959 through March 25, 1960:
    Attack Squadron TWENTY-THREE --- VA-23, Black Knights flying the North American FJ-4B Fury with CVG-2 deployed to the Western Pacific on United States Ship Midway CVA 41.
  • May 18, 1960:
    Attack Squadron TWENTY-THREE was assigned the Douglas A4D-2 Skyhawk.
  • September 30, 1960
    Lt(jg) Arthur W. Winterbottom perished when his A4D-2 Buno 142092 struck a target structure while on a low-level bombing training run at NAAS Fallon, NV.
    Oakland, CA, Tribune, Friday, September 30, 1960.
    Lebanon, PA, Lebanon Daily News, Saturday, October 1, 1960
    Naval Aviation News, Grampaw Pettibone, July 1961
  • February 16, 1961 through September 28, 1961:
    Attack Squadron TWENTY-THREE --- VA-23, Black Knights flying the Douglas A-4B Skyhawk with CVG-2 deployed the Western Pacific on United States Ship Midway CVA 41.
  • September 30, 1961:
    Attack Squadron TWENTY-THREE VA-23 was reassigned to Naval Air Station Lemoore, California.
  • November 12, 1961
    Lt(jg) Robert Anthony Huff was killed when his A4D-2 BuNo 142852 was lost at sea off the Monterey Peninsula during night carrier operations with the USS Midway.
    Eureka, CA Humboldt Standard,, Tuesday, November 14, 1961
  • April 6, 1962 through October 20, 1962:
    Attack Squadron TWENTY-THREE --- VA-23, Black Knights flying the Douglas A4D-2 Skyhawk with CVG-2 deployed to the Western Pacific on United States Ship Midway CVA 41.
  • August 11, 1962
    Lt(jg) Andrew F. Cianciotto ejected from A4D-2 BuNo 142904 a quarter of a mile from the NAS Atsugi, Japan runway shortly after takeoff suffering a broken sholder
    US Armed Forces Pacific Stars & Stripes, Sunday, August 12, 1962
  • September 18, 1962
    Commanding Officer Cdr. George M. Veling perished in A4D-2 BuNo 145055 shortly after being launched from USS Midway
    US Armed Forces Pacific Stars & Stripes, Thursday, September 20, 1962
  • September 27, 1962:
    A flight of three A-4B Skyhawks launched from their home CVA for a coastal air station in Japan. From there they made a navigation flight to a target area in South Korea, released a practice bomb on the target and climbed to 38,000 feet for the return to the ship. The number 3 man on the leaders starboard wing noted he was falling behind and increased power to 99%, easing the nose over to pick up some airspeed. As he closed up alongside he eased the nose up to resume his stepped up position and noted an immediate 5% loss of RPM. Lowering the nose and increased throttle didn't regain the lost power and he was rapidly falling behind the other two planes. He decided to switch to manual and pulled the throttle back to the halfway position and threw the switch as the RPM was coming down which resulted in a loud thud which shook the whole aircraft followed by three more violent thuds. He shut the engine down, switched to primary and hit the air-start switch without success. As he glided down he informed the flight of his problem and tried several more air-starts without a relight and the engine sounded like a bucket of loose bolts. At 17,000 feet he an airfield in a small valley surrounded by rugged mountains behind him and decided to try a flame-out approach to the airfield. He hit the 180 position at 5,000 feet and 240 knots, gear up, flaps and hook down and speed-brakes out. At the 135 position he had 4,000 feet and 230 knots and lowered his landing gear with excess airspeed that would make him land long. As he rolled into the groove he retracted the brakes and pushed the nose over resulting in a tremendous rate of descent and he had to break his glide at 5-600 feet and set down at 200 knots and 3,500 feet down the 6,600 feet runway. As he went off the end of the runway at the old K-9 airfield with the brakes locked at 100 knots he ejected (and A4D-2 BuNo 142894 was destroyed).
    Naval Aviation News, Grampaw Pettibone, February 1963.
    Naval Aviation News, Grampaw Pettibone (cont.), February 1963.
  • December 26, 1962:
    VA-23 was assigned the Douglas A-4E Skyhawk. The Black Knights were the first squadron in the world to be assigned the "E" Skyhawk.
  • October 10, 1963
    Lt(jg) Francis J. Davis ejected from his A-4E BuNo 149662 while on a routine training flight 55 miles west of the Golden Gate.
    Utah County, UT The Daily Herald, Thursday, October 3, 1963
  • November 8, 1963 through May 26, 1964:
    Attack Squadron TWENTY-THREE --- VA-23 Black Knights flying the Douglas A-4E Skyhawk with CVG-2 deployed to the Western Pacific on United States Ship Midway CVA 41.
  • February 26, 1965
    Lt(jg) Larry J. Cooper perished in A-4E BuNo 151146 to a Terrier missle strike when he strayed into a restricted air space and being mistaken for a target drone.
    Long Beach, CA Press-Telegram, Friday, February 26, 1965
  • February 28, 1965
    Lt (jg). James W. Sloat Jr., ejected when his cockpit filled with smoke after his A-4E BuNo 151153 exploded in flight at 2,500 feet during a refueling operation while participating in Operation Silver Lance. The plane crashed about 150 miles SW of San Diego and the pilot was rescued by a helicopter piloted by Lt (jg). D.H. Jung.
    US Armed Forces European Stars and Stripes, Wednesday, March 3, 1965.
  • March 6, 1965 through November 23, 1965:
    Attack Squadron TWENTY-THREE --- VA-23 Black Knights flying the Douglas A-4E Skyhawk with CVG-2 deployed to the Western Pacific and Vietnam on United States Ship Midway CVA 41. This was the Black Knight's first combat cruise to Vietnam and first combat since the Korean War.
  • April 25, 1965:
    Attack Squadron TWENTY-THREE was the first squadron to use the Shrike anti-radiation missile in combat.
  • June 2, 1965:
    Black Knight A-4E Skyhawk BuNo. 151144 side number NE 348 was shot down by North Vietnamese gun fire. The pilot, Lieutenant Junior Grade D. M. Christian, was Killed in Action.
  • June 2, 1965:
    Black Knight A-4E Skyhawk BuNo. 151161 side number NE 349 was shot down by North Vietnamese gun fire. The pilot, Lieutenant J. B. McKamey, ejected successfully, was captured by the North Vietnamese and made Prisoner of War.
  • July 28, 1965:
    Black Knight A-4E Skyhawk BuNo. 149962 side number NE 341 was lost to his own Mark-82 bomb exploding. The pilot, Lt(jg) G. R. Townsend, Jr. ejected successfully and was rescued.
    Petersburg, Colonial Heights, Hopewell, VA The Progress-Index, Thursday, July 29, 1965.
  • August 11, 1965:
    Black Knight A-4E Skyhawk BuNo. 151185 side number NE 345 was shot down by a North Vietnamese Surface to Air Missile - SAM. The pilot, Lieutenant Junior Grade D. H. Brown, Jr., was Killed in Action.
  • February 24, 1966:
    Cdr. Robert R. King and LCdr. Stewart Blair ejected safely when their A-4E Skyhawks, BuNo 151104 & 151174, collided a mile south of MCAS El Toro, CA while making a practice GCA. Blair's Skyhawk crashed about six miles south of MCAS El Toro and King's Skyhawk crashed 15 minutes later in an open area at Camp Pendleton.
    Pasadena, CA, The Independent, Friday, February 25, 1966.
    Redlands, CA, Redlands Daily Facts, Friday, February 25, 1966.
  • August 29, 1966 through February 23, 1967:
    Attack Squadron TWENTY-THREE --- VA-23 Black Knights flying the Douglas A-4E Skyhawk with CVG-2 deployed to the Western Pacific and Vietnam on United States Ship Coral Sea CVA 43. This was the Black Knight's second combat cruise to Vietnam.
  • October 10, 1966:
    Black Knight A-4E Skyhawk BuNo. 151150 side number NE 340 was shot down by a North Vietnamese Surface to Air Missile - SAM. The pilot, Lieutenant Junior Grade M. S. Confer, was Killed in Action.
  • January 13, 1967:
    Black Knight A-4E Skyhawk BuNo. 151158 side number NE 345 was shot down by North Vietnamese antiaircraft fire - Triple A. The pilot, Lieutenant Junior Grade M. P. Cronin, ejected successfully, was captured by the North Vietnamese and made Prisoner of War.
  • January 15, 1967:
    Lt(jg). Daniel Hagan Moran was killed when his A-4E Skyhawk BuNo. 151168 side number NE 346 was hit by AAA while he was participating in a strike on the Qui Vinh railroad yard about 10 miles SW of Van Yen. Although the Skyhawk had a large hole in the starboard nose under the cockpit it remained flyable - and Lt(jg). Moran took it out to sea. Escorting aircrewmen saw him move in the cockpit, but Moran was flying erratically and did not respond to radio or hand signals. Moran took his aircraft to the North SAR destroyer and ejected close alongside, but he was dead when a boat crew from the destroyer pulled him from the water.
    Naval Academy BIO
  • December 28, 1967 through August 17, 1968:
    Attack Squadron TWENTY-THREE --- VA-23 Black Knights flying the Douglas A-4F Skyhawk with CVW-19 deployed to the Western Pacific and Vietnam on United States Ship Ticonderoga CVA 14. This was the Black Knight's third combat cruise to Vietnam. There were no combat losses this cruise.
  • March 15 to 20, 1968:
    After the January 23, 1968 capture of United States Ship Pueblo AGER 2 by North Korea, VA-23 operated from Ticonderoga in the Sea of Japan - commanding the seas for the United States of America.
  • April 1968:
    VA-23 flew combat strikes around Khe Sahn, South Vietnam, in support of the besieged Marine base.
  • July 23, 1968:
    VA-23 Black Knight Lieutenant Commander Lawrence D. Gosen, United States Navy in A-4F Skyhawk BuNo 154189 was given a Ticonderoga cold catapult and lost over the side in a non-combat accident. Lieutenant Commander Gosen was killed.
    Long Beach, CA Independent Press-Telegram, Wednesday, July 24, 1968.
    LCdr. Lawrence Dean Gosen killed, cold cat shot. Plane crashed off starboard bow during launch position 18-21N 107-48E, pilot not sighted at 0728.
    USS Ticonderoga deck log, 23 July 1968.
    Gosen - Class of 59.
    LCDR Gosen, flying with the VA-23 Black Knights, was lost in A-4F BuNo 154189 due to a launch failure aboard the USS Ticonderoga (CVA-14). LCDR Gosen's casket flag was presented to his widow, Patricia, at the dedication of A4F 154977, NM 301. He, and squadron mate LT S.K. Smiley, are remembered with their names on the nose of Skyhawk BuNo 154977 aboard the museum ship USS Midway.
  • April 14, 1969 through November 17, 1969:
    Attack Squadron TWENTY-THREE --- VA-23 Black Knights flying the Douglas A-4F Skyhawk with CVW-19 deployed to the Western Pacific and Vietnam on United States Ship Oriskany CVA 34. This was the Black Knight's fourth and last combat cruise to Vietnam.
  • July 20, 1969:
    Black Knight A-4E Skyhawk BuNo. 154993 side number NM 306 was shot down by Laos gun fire. The pilot, Lieutenant S. K. Smiley, was Killed in Action.
    Smiley - Class of 63.
    LT Smiley, flying with the VA-23 Black Knights embarked in USS Oriskany (CVA-34), was shot down in Laos by gun fire in A-4F BuNo 154993 NM-306 and was KIA. Since there are no known survivors, LT Smiley's casket flag, which was presented to his Class Officer at the dedication of A4F BuNo 154977, is displayed in the Light Attack Ready Room in USS Midway. He, and squadron mate LCDR L.D. Gosen, are remembered with their names on the nose of Skyhawk BuNo 154977 aboard the museum ship USS Midway.
  • July 29, 1969:
    VA-23 Black Knight A-4F Skyhawk BuNo. 154184 was lost in an in-flight refueling engine fire. Lt. Ronald R. Machens off starboard side of USS Oriskany and was rescued.
  • April 1, 1970:
    Attack Squadron TWENTY-THREE was officially disestablished on April Fools Day, after more than 19 years of active service to the United States of America.


Awards

Theme by Danetsoft and Danang Probo Sayekti inspired by Maksimer